Monday, January 21, 2019

The coldest experiment in universe

The coldest experiment in the universeThe coldest experiment in universe


Everyone is already familiar with that fact "Space is more cooler than our environment". Because of the large number of a planet, galaxies, gaseous matter, and its temperature. The temperature of the gaseous matter Routinely drops from 3 degrees Kelvin or we can say 444 degrees below zero Fahrenheit. Isn't it the lowest temperature? No, not at all, it's about to get even colder NASA researchers to plan to create the coldest spot on the universe.


An International Space Station scientist Rob Thomson of NASA says "We are about to study the matter at a temperature far below that found anything below naturally". Rob Thomson is the project scientist of an atomic refrigerator. In 2016 this atomic refrigerator was launched for International Space Station. Rob Thomson also proposes that the effective temperature will be down below 100 Pico Kelvin. 100 picokelvin is the 1/10 billionth ° above absolute zero till reaching that point All the activities of the matter Will stop. now at this low temperature the ordinary normal concepts dissolving gases will relevant no longer now the atoms is zero energy will interact with just above of threshold the test to create the new form of matter this is called as Quantum quantum mechanics the branch of Physics and which describe the desired roles of light and matter on atomic scales. in that sense, matter can be used on two places at once objects behave as both particles as well as waves and nothing is certain the quantum world runs on probability now all these concepts will be used by the cold atom lab of NASA. Thomson also says that we can study this experiment by Bose-Einstein condensate which will have the states of matter the 1995 researchers discovered that if you take a few million atoms and below their temperature near about absolute zero then all the millions or billions of items will be merged into a single wave of matter restrict work with Na2. In 2011 Eric of National Institute of Science and Technology along Carl Wiemann from University of Colorado get Nobel Prize Independence Day Nobel Prize. Along with them, Wolfgang Azure share the Nobel Prize for the independent discovery of this condensate. Now the condensate was already predicted the early twenties by Einstein and Bose which were later termed as Bose-Einstein condensate. If you try to make to BEC and try to put them together then light make like ordinary gas instead of that they will interfere like waves. They will interfere in the form of layer where we have three layer of matters, in between we have empty space layer. An atom of one BEC will interact with one BEC atom of another and will create absolute no atom. Cold atom lab will help us to allow to study this as well as the other phenomenon and most of all the lowest temperature by help of which we can study some interesting and noble phenomenon now you are thinking why this place is involved in it so basically the spaces it was at this special condition that is the microgravity due to which we can easily lower the temperature of anything brown jewellery on ground or Earth you have the pool of gravitation which interfere the process of refrigeration in cal the microgravity condition very helpful following the temperature salty Matli the RSS International Space Station proved very helpful and in space play the very important role in this experiment. Some of the practical implementations are mentioned Quantum sensors matter wave, interferometer handle cytomic lasers are included after this no one knows where these fundamental studies are needed? Rob Thompson says this is completely unknown researchers like Rock formation found this cal like a doorway to the quantum world. But it is worth noting that we should don't forget it both sides with both ways. If temperature goes low enough will be able to assemble the atomic packet as wide as the human hair which is enough to be visible.